ЭНЦЕФАЛИТ НИПА – ОПАСНЫЙ ЗООАНТРОПОНОЗ ИНДОМАЛАЙЗИЙСКОГО РЕГИОНА ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНОЙ АЗИИ


https://doi.org/10.22625/2072-6732-2014-6-3-15-26

Полный текст:


Аннотация

Представлена информация о новом зооантропонозе, клинике и профилактике энцефалита Нипа. Приведены сведения о возбудителе, его экологии, клинике заболевания. Цель анализа – ознакомить отечественных специалистов (эпидемиологов, инфекционистов, неврологов, санитарных и ветеринарных врачей) с новым опасным заболеванием, не известным в России. Метод исследования – аналитический. Инфекция у людей впервые описана в Малайзии (1999 г.), затем –в Бангладеш (2004 г.) и Индии (2006 г.). Возбудитель идентифицирован как новый представитель парамиксовирусов и вместе с родственным ему вирусом Хендра обособлен в новый род Henipavirus семейства Paramyxoviridae (2000 г.). Резервуар вируса в природе – рукокрылые крыланы, преимущественно летучие лисицы 8 родов Pteropus, вторичный – домашние свиньи. Вирус Нипа высококонтагиозен для человека и свиней. Последние выступают как амплификатор и резервуар вируса. Для заболевания у людей характерна картина острого энцефалита и легочной недостаточности. Быстро развивается кома, летальность – до 92,0%. Нередко происходит передача возбудителя от человека к человеку с развитием вспышки заболевания. Специфическое лечение не разработано, профилактика – неспецифическая.


Об авторе

Е. П. Лукин
48-й Центральный научно-исследовательский институт Министерства обороны Российской Федерации, г. Сергиев Посад (Московская область)
Россия

ведущий научный сотрудник 48-го Центрального научно-исследовательского института Министерства обороны Российской Федерации, д.м.н., профессор; тел.: 8(496)552-12-09



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Дополнительные файлы

Для цитирования: Лукин Е.П. ЭНЦЕФАЛИТ НИПА – ОПАСНЫЙ ЗООАНТРОПОНОЗ ИНДОМАЛАЙЗИЙСКОГО РЕГИОНА ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНОЙ АЗИИ. Журнал инфектологии. 2014;6(3):15-26. https://doi.org/10.22625/2072-6732-2014-6-3-15-26

For citation: Lukin E.P. Nipah Encephalitis – A Dangerous Zooanthroponosis Of Indo-Malaysian Region Of South-Еast Asia. Journal Infectology. 2014;6(3):15-26. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.22625/2072-6732-2014-6-3-15-26

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